A synopsis of the German Society of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy

Definition:

The German Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy (DGKJP) is the scientific society of the medical specialists for child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy as well as other scientists practising in this field.


Historical development

The official foundation of the German association for child and adolescent psychiatry took place on September 5, 1940, in Vienna as "German Society for Child Psychiatry and Therapeutic Education". Its first president was Paul Schröder, head of department of the psychiatry at the University of Leipzig. During the Second World War, under the Nazi regime, the German child psychiatry was also involved in the euthanasia program and thousands of mentally handicapped and psychiatrically ill children were murdered with its cooperation.

In 1950, the "German Association for Youth Psychiatry" was refounded as a medical association, but with intensive cooperation of other disciplines such as therapeutic education, law, clinical psychology, psychiatry and pediatrics.

(Remschmidt- van Engeland: Child Psychiatry in Europe. Historical development, current situation, future perspectives Steinkopff und Springer, 1999, p. 118)

Until the German reunification the Neuropsychiatry of Childhood in GDR belonged to the “German Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry”. With a resolution on a general meeting in 1994 this name changed into “German Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy”.

At the moment the German Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy commissioned a project for medical historical researches of the society under the Nazi regime. The research group started its work in July 2014.


Associations and contact addresses:

There are three German child psychiatric societies/associations:

  1. "German Society of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy" (DGKJP)
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie (DGKJP) e. V.

    Prof. Dr. med. Dr. rer. nat. Tobias Banaschewski
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie (DGKJP) e. V.
    Reinhardtstr. 27B, D-10117 Berlin
     
    phone: +49-30 28 09 43 86
    fax: +49-30 27 58 15 38
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    www.dgkjp.de.
     
  2. "Professional Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists, Psychosomatic Therapists and Psychotherapists in Germany" (BKJPP)
    Berufsverband für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie in Deutschland (BKJPP) e. V. 
     
    Dr. med. Gundolf Berg
    Berufsverband für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie in Deutschland (BKJPP) e. V.
    Rhabanusstraße 3, D-55118 Mainz
     
    phone: +49-6131 69 38 070
    fax: +49-6131 69 38 072
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    www.kinderpsychater.de

  3. "Board of Department Heads in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy" (BAG)
    Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft der Leitenden Klinikärzte für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie (BAG) e. V. 

    Dr. med. Martin Jung
    Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft der Leitenden Klinikärzte für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie (BAG) e. V.; 
    Helios Klinikum Schleswig
    Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und  Psychotherpie Hesterberg
    Friedrich-Ebert-Str. 5, D-24837 Schleswig
     
    phone: +49-4621 83 16 00
    fax: +49-4621 83 48 52
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    www.kinderpsychiater.org

All three societies have regular national meetings.

The German National Association focuses on arranging a congress every two years.
The next meeting will take place in Mannheim in 2019.

 

Journals:

There are three journals covering the field of child and adolescent psychiatry in Germany: 

  1. "Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie" 
    ("Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy";
    the official journal of the German Society, peer reviewed scientific journal)
    www.hogrefe.de
     
  2. "Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie" 
    ("Practice of Child Psychology and Child Psychiatry";
    peer reviewed scientific journal)
    www.v-r.de
     
  3. "Forum" 
    ("Forum der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie";
    Journal of the Professional Association)
    www.kinderpsychiater.org

Post-graduate training and CME:

The post-graduate training schedule requires a total of five years of training for becoming a specialist for “Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy”. The requirements for this specialist training are currently under review by the authorities.

Continuity of training is provided for and controlled by the "Continuous Medical Education (CME) System" according to which all child and adolescent psychiatrists must fulfil defined criteria for continuous field-related training within 5-year-periods.


Current situation of child psychiatric services:

Child and adolescent psychiatrists are working in universities, regional psychiatric services, mental hospitals, private practices or public health institutions.

In 2015 there were 2,168 active child and adolescent psychiatrists in Germany 1,387 of them female. In 2015 967 of them were working in clinics, 935 were working in private practices (acc. to Bundesärztekammer: Ärztestatistik on 31.12.2015).

In 2009 there was one child and adolescent psychiatrist available per 20,000 children and adolescents under the age of 18 the relation is now improving but yet does not meet the needs.

The hyperkinetic disorder has been the most common mental disorder in child and adolescent psychiatry in the last decade.


Classification systems:

All German departments make use of the ICD-11 classification system in the multiaxial framework; DSM V is used for scientific purposes.


Structure and organization of services:

There are mainly three types of child and adolescent psychiatric services:

  • outpatient services
  • day patient services
  • inpatient services

Complementary and rehabilitative services (e. g. foster families, therapeutic and pedagogic homes, child guidance clinics, rehabilitation centres) are financed predominantly by the youth welfare system and provide care for children and adolescents with chronic psychiatric disorders.


Funding of services:

Germany has a compulsory health insurance system. All children and adolescents are insured. Insurance companies pay the costs for outpatient, day patient or inpatient treatment. The youth welfare system and the social security system are responsible for funding of complementary and rehabilitative services required for the care of children and adolescents with chronic psychiatric disorders.   


Research:

During the past two decades, high-quality researches have been concentrated
on the following four areas:

  1. Classification and epidemiology of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders
  2. Evaluation and quality control of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures
    (standardized diagnostic instruments, guidelines, standardized
    documentation; research in psychotherapy and psychopharmacology)
  3. Psychosocial and biological factors and their interaction with
    respect to developmental psychopathology and the course of psychiatric disorders
  4. Biologically oriented research including molecular genetics and brain imaging.

Research training seminars for young scientists have been initiated and promoted both on a national and international level.

All publications (original articles in English or German, reviews in English) involving German child and adolescent psychiatrists that were published between January 2003 and August 2008 have been listed and reviewed (see "Forschungsleistung der deutschen Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie" 2003 - 2008, Hebebrand et al.)

Download: Forschungsbericht der KJP 2003-2008